Title:：Large-scale Brain Dynamical Mechanisms for Absence Seizures
Speaker： Dr. Dong-Ping Yang, University of Sydney, Australia
Chair： Prof. Shan Yu, Brainnetome Center, CASIA
Time： 09:30-10:30, Dec. 24, 2018
Venue：The 3rd meeting room, 3rd floor, Intelligence Building
Absence epilepsy is characterized by a sudden paroxysmal loss of consciousness accompanied by oscillatory activity propagating over many brain areas. A physiologically based corticothalamic model of large-scale brain activity is used to analyze critical dynamics of transitions from normal arousal states to epileptic seizures, which correspond to Hopf bifurcations. This relates an abstract normal form quantitatively to the main underlying physiologies that includes neural dynamics, axonal propagation, and time delays. Thus, a bridge is constructed that enables normal forms to be used to interpret quantitative data. This model is further investigated with focal spatial heterogeneity, numerically and analytically. An emergent spatiotemporal dynamic is found for seizure localization, whose spatiotemporal properties are comparable with experimental observations, providing a new biophysical explanation of the temporally higher frequency, but spatially more localized cortical waves observed in genetic rodents that display characteristics of human absence epilepsy, from the perspective of large-scale brain dynamics. Predictions are also presented for further experimental test. Thus, we propose a dynamical mechanism to unify the global and focal aspects of absence epilepsy with focal absence seizures associated with seizure localization, and the global ones associated with seizure generalization. We are seeking more real data to compare with the model, and to decide whether and how to add more details of cellular nonlinear dynamics or heterogeneous connectivity into the large-scale brain dynamics.